Monitoring and Control Architecture

The monitoring and control system of RisLab is based on the SIRIO architecture.
SIRIO is an innovative, patented architecture providing Monitoring-as-a-Service by exploiting the cloud paradigm. It reduces the commonly used hardware components, thus reducing costs, and installation and configuration effort, while increasing both security and dependability.
Conceived for security and safety, SIRIO can be used in every domain, such as building automation, smart city, transportation.
The new input/output module (concentrator) enables secure communications between filed devices (sensors, actuators) and the remote monitoring system.
The whole monitoring system only requires the concentrator and SIRIO software, and it is not dependent on any specific hardware; this allows the use of heterogeneous components, common issue of monitoring systems.

The security of the SIRIO software, of the SIRIO concentrator, and of the communication channels is certified by the Federico II University of Naples.

SIRIO is already used in schools, train stations, industries.
The architecture implements a monitoring and control system to increase security and safety.
The 3-layer structure – i) sensing layer, ii) level 1 monitoring, iii) level 2 monitoring – solves several issues:

Cyber Security:

All the components consider security requirements since the design stage; communication is protected with respect to authentication and confidentiality.


More functionalities (artificial intelligence supporting data and video analytics, anomaly detection, attack detection).


Reduced chance of failure for each component and for communication channels; this is due to highly reliable hardware components and to the reduction of the repair time achieved by remotizing the level 1 monitoring (in other solutions, the control system is installed in the asset, so each repair requires interventions at the site).

Scalability and overload:

Thanks to the divide and conquer approach achieved with the cloud paradigm and performing algorithms, the system can elaborate large quantities of data.


Monitoring level


Sensing Layer IoT Components

The lowest level of the architecture includes sensors and cameras, as well as intelligent things network connected.

An important element of this layer are people: every one can contribute to the sensing layer by sending data collected with smartphones (as an instance, by sending security information with SaM, the social safety app).

Level 1 – Monitoring

SIRIO level 1 monitoring system monitors a specific asset and includes all the functionalities to collect and analyze data from the sensing layer in near-real time. Further, personalized, functionalities can be implemented.

The input/output module, also called concentrator or base station or gateway, is a new, patented device collecting and parsing data that are then transmitted to the elaboration module.

By exploiting the advanced in/out module, the elaboration system is remote and, possibly, running on a VM.

With respect to common monitoring systems, it presents a larger availability and reduced costs, both for purchase and installation, and for maintenance.

Level 2 – Monitoring

All the assets are supervised by a layer 2 system of information management.

In the security domain, it is PCMS, a Physical Security Information Management System including all the functionalities commonly used by an operations center, such as event monitoring, event filtering, video management, data analytics, both for anomaly detection and for controlling actions. PCMS also includes cyber security monitoring: it can detect all the threats and attacks to the system, thus merging both physical and cyber information.